Installation

Reth runs on Linux and macOS (Windows tracked).

There are three core methods to obtain Reth:

Hardware Requirements

The hardware requirements for running Reth depend on the node configuration and can change over time as the network grows or new features are implemented.

The most important requirement is by far the disk, whereas CPU and RAM requirements are relatively flexible.

Archive NodeFull Node
DiskAt least 2.2TB (TLC NVMe recommended)At least 1TB (TLC NVMe recommended)
Memory8GB+8GB+
CPUHigher clock speed over core countHigher clock speeds over core count
BandwidthStable 24Mbps+Stable 24Mbps+

QLC and TLC

It is crucial to understand the difference between QLC and TLC NVMe drives when considering the disk requirement.

QLC (Quad-Level Cell) NVMe drives utilize four bits of data per cell, allowing for higher storage density and lower manufacturing costs. However, this increased density comes at the expense of performance. QLC drives have slower read and write speeds compared to TLC drives. They also have a lower endurance, meaning they may have a shorter lifespan and be less suitable for heavy workloads or constant data rewriting.

TLC (Triple-Level Cell) NVMe drives, on the other hand, use three bits of data per cell. While they have a slightly lower storage density compared to QLC drives, TLC drives offer faster performance. They typically have higher read and write speeds, making them more suitable for demanding tasks such as data-intensive applications, gaming, and multimedia editing. TLC drives also tend to have a higher endurance, making them more durable and longer-lasting.

Prior to purchasing an NVMe drive, it is advisable to research and determine whether the disk will be based on QLC or TLC technology. An overview of recommended and not-so-recommended NVMe boards can be found at here.

Disk

There are multiple types of disks to sync Reth, with varying size requirements, depending on the syncing mode. As of October 2023 at block number 18.3M:

  • Archive Node: At least 2.2TB is required
  • Full Node: At least 1TB is required

NVMe drives are recommended for the best performance, with SSDs being a cheaper alternative. HDDs are the cheapest option, but they will take the longest to sync, and are not recommended.

As of July 2023, syncing an Ethereum mainnet node to block 17.7M on NVMe drives takes about 50 hours, while on a GCP "Persistent SSD" it takes around 5 days.

Note

It is highly recommended to choose a TLC drive when using NVMe, and not a QLC drive. See the note above. A list of recommended drives can be found here.

CPU

Most of the time during syncing is spent executing transactions, which is a single-threaded operation due to potential state dependencies of a transaction on previous ones.

As a result, the number of cores matters less, but in general higher clock speeds are better. More cores are better for parallelizable stages (like sender recovery or bodies downloading), but these stages are not the primary bottleneck for syncing.

Memory

It is recommended to use at least 8GB of RAM.

Most of Reth's components tend to consume a low amount of memory, unless you are under heavy RPC load, so this should matter less than the other requirements.

Higher memory is generally better as it allows for better caching, resulting in less stress on the disk.

Bandwidth

A stable and dependable internet connection is crucial for both syncing a node from genesis and for keeping up with the chain's tip.

Note that due to Reth's staged sync, you only need an internet connection for the Headers and Bodies stages. This means that the first 1-3 hours (depending on your internet connection) will be online, downloading all necessary data, and the rest will be done offline and does not require an internet connection.

Once you're synced to the tip you will need a reliable connection, especially if you're operating a validator. A 24Mbps connection is recommended, but you can probably get away with less. Make sure your ISP does not cap your bandwidth.

What hardware can I get?

If you are buying your own NVMe SSD, please consult this hardware comparison which is being actively maintained. We recommend against buying DRAM-less or QLC devices as these are noticeably slower.

All our benchmarks have been produced on Latitude.sh, a bare metal provider. We use c3.large.x86 boxes, and also recommend trying the s2.small.x86 box for pruned/full nodes. So far our experience has been smooth with some users reporting that the NVMEs there outperform AWS NVMEs by 3x or more. We're excited for more Reth nodes on Latitude.sh, so for a limited time you can use RETH400 for a $250 discount. Run a node now!